Decarbonizing complex industries and processes

MIT Faculty and Researchers

Steven Barrett (lead), William Green (lead), Florian Allroggen, Angela Belcher, Peter Belobaba, Sebastian Eastham, Christoph Falter, Randall Field, Betar Gallant, Emre Gencer, Ahmed Ghoniem, Edward Greitzer, Carmen Guerra-Garcia, John Hansman, Wesley Harris, Dan Hastings, T. Alan Hatton, David Hsu, Chris Knittel, Jing Li, Dava Newman, Sergey Paltsev, David Perreault, Kristala Prather, Ronald Prinn, Yuriy Roman, Jayant Sabnis, Shanbhogue Santosh, Adam Schlosser, Noelle Selin, Zolti Spakovszky, Ray Speth, Gregory Stephanopoulos, Yogesh Surendranath, Jessika Trancik, Kripa Varanasi, Ian Waitz, Jinhua Zhao

Research summary

The “Tough to Decarbonize Transportation” (T2DT) project is a multidisciplinary research program to identify and advance economically viable technologies and policies for decarbonizing heavy-duty trucking, shipping, and aviation. T2DT is the backbone of the global economy, yet it will dominate carbon budgets by mid-century without further action. Our goal is to create T2DT which does not create climate and other catastrophic environmental damage and enables ever-greater parts of the global community to benefit from social, cultural, and economic connectedness. Breakthroughs will be needed in fuel chemistry and production, vehicles, operations, and policy to meet this goal. The environmental and economic impacts of the redesign must be understood holistically, including the full lifecycle, to ensure a truly sustainable future. Finally, energy and environmental policies must be designed to provide for a viable and equitable path to net-zero for T2DT by 2050.

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